Evolution of Windows, from Windows 1 to Windows 10
We have been talking about the characteristics of Windows 10 since October of last year and many of you are bored of reading articles of the type “5 reasons why I / I should not update my computer to Windows 10″ (according to the foot of the writer). . As that part does not interest us as much, since ours is to teach programming courses ( and the good ones ) this post is designed to detoxify ourselves from the vortex of these days since the decision, after all, as Frank Sinatra It’s would say up to you ….
We will go through the last 30 years of Windows, starting naturally in Windows 1 until reaching Windows 10. We start:
Windows 1 (1985)
Although it was announced in 1983 by Bill Gates, its launch did not occur until two years later, specifically on November 20, 1985. It became popular thanks to its graphical window-based interface that gives it its name.
Among its desktop features stood out the handling of MS-DOS files, calendar, notepad, calculator and clock.
Windows 2 (1987)
Two years later (12/9/1987) Microsoft launches Windows 2.0 with desktop icons, expanded memory, better graphics, and the ability to overlay windows, control screen layout, and use keyboard shortcuts to speed up work.
It was the first Windows platform for applications today as common as Word or Excel.
Windows 3 (1990)
On May 22, 1990, Windows 3.0 appears, the first version that achieved commercial success, with several million sales in the first year. Major user interface changes were introduced in addition to improving the exploitation of the memory management capabilities of processors.
Program Manager and File Manager made their first appearance in this version, along with the redesigned control panel and some games like Solitaire, Hearts and Minesweeper. Who has never played the mythical solitaire?
Windows NT (1993)
Although the marketing people at Microsoft are trying to convince the world that NT stands for New Technology, the truth is that the abbreviations NT come from the code name that the project had when it was under development N-Ten. The final project was released on July 27, 1993.
To carry out this development from scratch, IBM partnered with Microsoft. They built a 32byte multitasking, multithreading, multiprocessing, multiuser OS with a hybrid core and an abstraction hardware layer to facilitate portability across platforms.
More windows Evolution/Origins
Windows 95 (1994)
A year and a month later, on July 24, 1994, Microsoft released Windows 95. They carried out an unprecedented ad campaign that included the Rolling Stones song ” Start me up “. The detractors of Windows did not miss the opportunity to mock indicating that the lyrics of the song said “… you make a grown man cry …”, but this did not prevent 7 million copies from being sold in just 5 weeks! quite a record!
Windows 95 was more consumer-oriented, it had a completely new user interface and features that are very familiar to us today, but that then constituted something revolutionary, such as the Start button, the Taskbar, the Notifications Area (remember which was the time of the modem, fax, …), etc.
Windows 98 (1998)
On June 25, 1998 the first version designed specifically for the consumer comes to light. A number of improvements are made to the user interface through the Internet Explorer 4 Windows desktop update package. For example, the ability to minimize a window with a simple click on the toolbar icon, the buttons navigation to “Forward” and “Back”, etc.
With Windows 98 the recognition of scanners, mice, keyboards, and levers was improved.
Windows Me (2000)
On September 14, 2000, the last of the DOS-based line of Windows 9x, Windows Millennium Edition, was released, considered one of the worst versions of Windows that has ever existed. (Although as the saying goes, someone will come that will do me good ; P)
Unlike W95 and W98 they lacked DOS real-mode support. In its favor, it must be said that it had a very useful feature, namely “System Restore” which allowed users to establish a stable configuration of the system prior to the current one.
Windows XP (2001)
Just a year later, on October 25, 2001, the first consumer operating system based on NT architecture, codenamed Whistler, went on sale under the name XP from experience. It turned out to be one of the most successful, in December 2013 its market share reached 500 million computers. After 12 years in the market 12 years !, in April 2014 Microsoft stopped supporting it.
Windows XP introduced new features such as the use of a new, simpler user interface, the ability to use multiple user accounts at the same time, the ability to group similar applications in the taskbar, just to name a few.
Windows Vista (2007)
We have never waited so long for an SO change, more than 5 years! Microsoft would have liked to have it ready to cash in on Christmas 2006 but had to wait until January 30, 2007, to launch it worldwide. It is remembered as a system that was late, bad, and drags. The main complaints focused on security features, digital rights management, hardware requirements, and software performance and compatibility.
In its favor, we must remember the characteristics by which everyone identifies it, namely: the new graphic interface that allowed transparency in windows, the Flip-3D application that was activated with the Win + Tab key combination, and showing with a 3D effect the windows that were open you could change from one to another. In addition, it allowed us to have a preview of the open windows, just by hovering the mouse over the buttons on the taskbar. It also introduced new feature service host superfetch in vista which tells us how much ram used by resources.
By the way, do you remember when Stack Overflow revealed the preferences of the programmers in April and we discovered that 2015 there are still programmers who use Windows Vista and Windows XP: O? We better forget the latter and continue with the review, there is little left!
Windows 7 (2009)
Many consider Windows 7 as the OS that Windows Vista would like to have been. In fact, originally it was conceived as a kind of update to Windows Vista, which allowed maintaining a certain degree of compatibility with applications and hardware. As soon as it was released on October 22, 2009, it began to eat up the market share of its predecessors.
Windows 7 stands out for offering a redesigned interface, a new taskbar, significant improvements in OS performance, and above all because W7 marked the debut of Windows Touch, which allows you to explore the web from touch screens.
Windows 8 (2012)
On October 25, 2012, the controversial Windows 8 made its debut. Users were ripping their clothes off … it had no Start button! How would they survive without him?
Its user interface has been modified to make it more user-friendly and easy to use with touch screens, in addition to being able to obviously continue using the keyboard and mouse. It is the moment of the Apps whose icons of different sizes occupy the screen, they can be grouped, show notifications, … The file explorer now leaves just a click of the mouse, functions that were previously hidden and as this we could list hundreds of new features, but we know you can’t wait to get to the next one.
Windows 10 (2015)
After three years of hard journey through the desert without a start button, on July 29, 2015, Windows 10 made its stellar appearance. What now?
In any case, there is a “universal rule” that has been followed since Windows came out: users always consider one version good and the next version bad, alternating them. For example, Windows XP: good, but Windows Vista: bad. And if you look at the list it has always been fulfilled. Now it’s time for a good version, so … as we told you at the beginning of this article, the decision is yours.